VMware KB: VMware vSphere 5 Memory Management and Monitoring diagram

While digging through VMware’s Knowledge Base for articles for a future blog post I ran across this and couldn’t wait to share.

This has the most brilliant diagram of the various memory management features and their instrumentation in the various interfaces available to vSphere admins.

VMware KB: VMware vSphere 5 Memory Management and Monitoring diagram.

Here is a hidden gem from VMware!

This week, while participating in a VMware vSphere” What’s New [v4.x-v5.5] train the trainer class, I came across this site: vmwarewalkthroughs.com. The site has walk throughs for the vCloud Suite, VMware NSX, VSAN and vCAC/Big Data.

vmwarewalkthroughs
Select the product from the home page.

VSANwalkthrough-1 NSXwalkthrough vCACwalkthrough vcloudwalkthrough
Then select the specific walk through from the navigation menu on the left.

vsanwalkthrough
Each walk through is guided by instructions and highlighted selections.

While the walk through is not really hands-on they do give you a good idea of the steps required to setup and perform administrative tasks with the various products.

For someone who is looking for a way to get a basic understanding and exposure to the products, this site is an excellent resource.

Upgrading vCenter Server to 5.5 in my lab – part5

Upgrading Update Manager

Read the following KB article:

Upgrading to vSphere Update Manager 5.5 on a Microsoft Windows platform (2058423)

Upgrade procedure:

Mount the vSphere 5.5 installation media. The installation wizard appears.

In the left pane, under VMware vCenter Support Tools, click vSphere Update Manager and then click Install.
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Note: If any of the prerequisites are not met, they are listed in the right pane under Prerequisites.

Select the appropriate language from the dropdown and click OK.

If a previous version of vSphere Update Manager is already installed, the installer displays the message:
An earlier version of VMware vSphere Update Manager is already installed on this computer. Click OK to upgrade to 5.5.0
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Click OK.

In the welcome screen, click Next.
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Review the End User License Agreement. If you agree, select the I accept the terms in the license agreement option and click Next.

Optionally, select the Download updates from default sources immediately after installation option and click Next.
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Note: This option automatically checks for downloading updates. If you want to review the default download sources or configure vSphere Update Manager to use a shared repository, deselect this option.

Enter the vCenter Server URL and a username and password and then click Next.
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Notes:
If the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) or IP address of the vCenter Server and/or the username are not auto-populated, enter the FQDN and/or username manually.
Ensure that the username entered has a minimum of Register extension privilege to be able to register vSphere Update Manager with vCenter Server.

When prompted, enter the database user name and password for the existing database and click Next.
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Select one of these options when prompted with a database upgrade warning:
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Upgrade existing Update Manager database
     Note: You must acknowledge that a backup has been taken of the Update Manager database.
Do not upgrade the existing Update Manager database

Click Next.

Optionally, from the dropdown, select either the IP address or the FQDN of vSphere Update Manager and then, check if the alternative TCP port numbers for the SOAP, Web, and SSL ports of vCenter Server appear and then click Next.
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Note from the KB article: These fields are automatically populated with the appropriate URL and port numbers if the service is installed in the current system. The default ports are 8084, 9084, and 9087 respectively. Ensure that vCenter Server and the ESXi/ESX hosts can resolve the vSphere Update Manager.

Note: The next few steps from the Upgrade procedure were not required in my upgrade. The settings from my previous installation were reused including the patch repository location.

Optionally, select the Yes, I have Internet connection and I want to configure proxy settings now option and click Next.

Provide the proxy server address and the proxy server port and then click Next.

Optionally, select the Authenticate proxy using the credentials below option if your proxy server requires authentication and then click Next.

Optionally, provide an alternative installation location and then click Next.
Note
If the current system does not have 120 GB of disk space available, a warning is displayed when you click Next. Click OK to acknowledge the warning.

In the Ready to Install screen, click Install to start the installation.
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Installing…

When the installation completes, click Finish.
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Installed programs shows the upgraded vCenter Update Manager:
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Update Manager Client Plug-in Install

Connect the vSphere Client to a vCenter Server system with which Update Manager is registered.

Select Plug-ins > Manage Plug-ins.

In the Plug-in Manager window, click Download and install for the VMware vSphere Update Manager extension.
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If you receive a security warning, click Run.
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Choose the appropriate language.
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On the Welcome screen, click Next.
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Review the End User License Agreement. If you agree, select the I accept the terms in the license agreement option and click Next.

On the Ready to install page, click Install.
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If you are prompted by User Access Control, Click Yes.

Installing…

Complete the Update Manager Client installation, and click Finish.
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The status for the Update Manager extension is displayed as Enabled.
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Click Close to close the Plug-in Manager window.

With vSphere Update Manager upgraded, I can now experiment with upgrading ESXi hosts from 5.1 to 5.5 automatically. There are still a few components left to upgrade, including the vSphere ESXI dump collector, the vSphere Syslog collector and vShere Auto Deploy. More posts to follow!

Upgrading vCenter Server to 5.5 in my lab – part 4

Upgrade to vCenter Server 5.5

This is the fourth post in a series of articles chronicling the process of upgrading my personal vSphere lab system from 5.1 to 5.5.

Before you get started with the upgrade, you should read the following KB article:

Upgrading to vCenter Server 5.5 on a Microsoft Windows platform (2058275)

Information Required for vCenter Server Installation or Upgrade

Upgrade procedure:

Mount the vSphere 5.5 installation media. The installation wizard appears.

In the left pane, under Custom Install, click vCenter Server and then click Install.
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Note: If any of the prerequisites are not met, they are listed in the right pane under Prerequisites.

Select the appropriate language from the dropdown and the click OK.

In the welcome screen, click Next.
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If a previous version of vCenter Server is installed, the welcome screen displays the message:
An earlier version of vCenter Server is already installed on this computer and will be upgraded to vCenter Server 5.5.0

Review the End User License Agreement. If you agree, select the I accept the terms in the license agreement option, and click Next.

In the license key screen, enter your license key and then click Next. (If you have a valid vCenter 5.x license and are performing an upgrade, your existing key will work when the install is completed.)
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Note from the KB article: You can view your license keys in My VMware. For more information, see Viewing license keys in My VMware (2006831). If you do not enter a license key, you can proceed with a 60 Day Evaluation license and you see a popup, which prompts you to acknowledge that you are proceeding without a license.
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Click Yes to proceed.

Enter the database user name and password for the existing database and click Next.
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If you receive a warning about registered extensions like VMware vCenter Update Manager, Click OK. You will need to install compatible versions after the vCenter server install is complete.
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Select Upgrade existing vCenter Server database when prompted with the database upgrade warning:
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Note: You must acknowledge that a backup has been taken of the vCenter Server database and SSL certificates.
Click Next.

Select automatic or manually upgrade the vCenter Agents that are installed on ESXi hosts. Click Next.
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Select the user type that the vCenter Server should run with and click Next.
You can use one of these options:

    • Use Windows Local System Account
    • Use an alternate account  (In production deployments, I always use a specific account for the vCenter Server service.)

In this lab instance, I have used the Windows Local System Account.
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Optionally, provide an alternative TCP port number for the VMware VirtualCenter Server service and click Next.
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Note
: Changing the default ports is recommended only if you have an unchangeable port conflict on the same system.

Select one of these inventory sizes, Click Next.
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Small is sufficient for my lab environment.

Enter the SSO Lookup Service URL and SSO administrator username and password. You may be prompted to install the Lookup Service Certificate.
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Note: You must use the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) and not the IP address.  Using the IP  may result in certificate related errors when starting vCenter Server. For more information, see vCenter Server 5.x fails to start after upgrading Single Sign-On configuration from vSphere 5.1 to vSphere 5.5 (2058080).

Click Next.

When prompted, verify the fingerprint of the certificate and click Yes.
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In the vCenter Inventory Service Information dialog, check if the FQDN of the vCenter Inventory Service URL and port number are displayed. These fields are auto-populated.
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Notes
:

    • If the FQDN is not auto-populated, enter the FQDN manually.
    • The default port is 10443.

Click Next.
Optionally, provide an alternative installation location and then click Next. (The installer used the path from my existing vCenter server install.)
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Notes from the KB article:

    • The installation path of vCenter Server must be compatible with the installation requirements for  Microsoft Active Directory Application Mode (ADAM/AD LDS). The  installation path cannot contain non-ASCII characters, commas (,), periods (.), exclamation marks (!), pound signs (#), at signs (@), or percentage signs (%).
    • The path must conform to NTFS naming restrictions.  For more information, see the Microsoft TechNet article Naming Files, Paths, and Namespaces.
    • The installation requires 4 GB of disk space to be available. For more information, see the Hardware Requirement for vCenter Server, the vSphere Web Client, vCenter Inventory Service, and vCenter Single Sign-On section in the vSphere Installation and Setup Guide.

In the Ready to Install screen, click Install.
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Installing…
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When the installation completes, click Finish.
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Installed programs showing upgraded vCenter Server and related components.
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Next up is the upgrade of vCenter Update Manager.

Upgrading vCenter Server to 5.5 in my lab – part 3

Upgrade vCenter Inventory Service

This is the third post in a series of articles chronicling the process of upgrading my personal vSphere lab system from 5.1 to 5.5.

Before you get started with the upgrade, you should read the following KB article:

Upgrading to vCenter Inventory Service 5.5 on a Microsoft Windows platform (2058272)

Information Required for vCenter Inventory Service Installation or Upgrade

Upgrade Procedure:

Mount the vSphere 5.5 installation media.
In the left pane, under Custom Install, click vCenter Inventory Service and then click Install.
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Note: If any of the prerequisites are not met, they are listed in the right pane under Prerequisites.

Select the appropriate language from the dropdown and click OK.
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In the welcome screen, click Next.
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Note: If a previous version of vCenter Inventory Service is installed, the welcome screen displays the message:
An earlier version of vCenter Inventory Service is already installed on this computer and will be upgraded to vCenter Inventory Service 5.5.
If the distinguished name for any existing SSL certificate is not unique, the old SSL certificate will be replaced with a new certificate.

Review the End User License Agreement. If you agree, select the I accept the terms in the license agreement option and click Next.

Select one of these options when presented with a database re-initialization warning:

    • Keep my existing database – Select this option to retain your existing data in the vCenter Inventory Service.  (I selected this to keep my existing vCenter inventory data.)
    • Replace my existing database – Select this option to replace the existing database. You must acknowledge that a backup of the Inventory Service database and SSL certificates has been performed.

In the dialog that appears, check if the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) of the host where vCenter Inventory Service is displayed. This field is auto-populated.
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Notes from the KB article:

    • If this field is not auto-populated, enter the FQDN manually.
    • If there is an issue with DNS resolution, you see the error:
      The Fully Qualified Domain name could not be resolved using DnsQuery API..
      If you see this error, resolve the DNS resolution issue before proceeding.

Click Next.

Optionally, provide an alternative TCP port number for the vCenter Inventory Service and click Next.
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Note: Changing the default ports is recommended only if you have an unchangeable port conflict in the same system.

Select the appropriate JVM memory size, depending on the environmental requirements. Click Next.
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Enter the SSO lookup Service URL and the SSO administrator username and password. You may be prompted to install the Lookup Service Certificate. Click Next.
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Notes from the KB article:

When prompted, verify the fingerprint of the certificate and click Yes to proceed.
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In the Ready to Install screen, click Install.
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Installing…
When the installation completes, click Finish.
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Installed programs showing the upgraded vCenter Inventory Service.
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Next up – the main event. Upgrading the vCenter Server to 5.5.

 

Upgrading vCenter Server to 5.5 in my lab – part 2

Upgrading vSphere Web Client

This is the second post in a series of articles chronicling the process of upgrading my personal vSphere lab system from 5.1 to 5.5.

Before you get started with the upgrade, you should read the following KB article:

Upgrading to vSphere Web Client 5.5 on a Microsoft Windows platform (2058265)

Information Required for the vSphere Web Client Installation

Upgrade procedure:

Mount the vSphere 5.5 installation media. (As before, I prefer to use “Run as Administrator.”)

In the left pane, under Custom Install, click vSphere Web Client and then click Install.
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Note: If any of the prerequisites are not met, they are listed in the right pane under Prerequisites.

Select the appropriate language from the dropdown and click OK.
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Note: The installer window may disappear for a lengthy period of time, but is still running in the background.

In the welcome screen, click Next.
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If a previous version of the vSphere Web Client is installed, the welcome screen displays this message:
An earlier version of vSphere Web Client is already installed on this computer and will be upgraded to vSphere Web Client 5.5

Review the End User License Agreement. If you agree, select the I accept the terms in the license agreement option and click Next.

Optionally, provide an alternative TCP port number for the vSphere Web Client Service and click Next.
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Note: Changing the default ports is recommended only if you have an unchangeable port conflict in the same system.

Enter the SSO Lookup Service URL and SSO administrator username and password. You may be prompted to install the Lookup Service Certificate. Click Next.
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Notes from the KB article:

When prompted, verify the fingerprint of the certificate and click Yes.
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In the Ready to Install screen, click Install.
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Installing…

When the installation completes, click Finish
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Success!
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The vSphere Web Client has been upgraded to 5.5.

Next up is the upgrade of the vCenter Inventory Service.